The squat is a fundamental movement pattern that is essential for human mobility and functionality. It is a complex exercise that involves the activation of multiple muscle groups, including the quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, and lower back. Often trained with added resistance, it leans heavily on proper abdominal bracing to protect our lower back. The squat is a compound exercise that is utilized in various sports, activities of daily living, and fitness routines. In this article, we will discuss the importance of the squat pattern in human movement, how the movement may look different for each person based on exercise history, hip mobility, existing injuries, femur length, shortened muscles, and overall physical limitations, and the research conducted by Dr. Stuart McGill of Waterloo University.
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